Chatral vedeo

27 Apr

It was adopted by 20th century Western historians from ancient Indian political discourse as a means of avoiding the term 'state' in the conventional sense.

Not only did Southeast Asian polities not conform to Chinese and European views of a territorially defined state with fixed borders and a bureaucratic apparatus, but they diverged considerably in the opposite direction: the polity was defined by its centre rather than its boundaries, and it could be composed of numerous other tributary polities without undergoing administrative integration.

By visualizing "pure lands", one learns to understand experience itself as pure, and as the abode of enlightenment.

The protection that we need, in this view, is from our own minds, as much as from external sources of confusion.

Five Jinas), the Buddhas Vairocana, Aksobhya, Ratnasambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi.Each yantra is unique and calls the deity into the presence of the practitioner through the elaborate symbolic geometric designs.According to one scholar, "Yantras function as revelatory symbols of cosmic truths and as instructional charts of the spiritual aspect of human experience" Despite its cosmic meanings a yantra is a reality lived.When paired with another mandala depicting the Five Wisdom Kings, this forms the Mandala of the Two Realms.something to be repeatedly contemplated to the point of saturation, such that the image of the mandala becomes fully internalised in even the minutest detail and can then be summoned and contemplated at will as a clear and vivid visualized image.