Nault dating

08 Apr

Particularly, the massive population growth in Africa and its rapid urbanization and structural adjustments, have exacerbated the food problems of the urban poor. “Vulnerability in Crisis: Urban Household Food Insecurity in Epworth, Harare, Zimbabwe.” Food Security 3, no. This is a relevant journal article that accounts for food security as a result of crises such as high food prices and the collapse of the formal food system in Zimbabwe. Thus, the crisis is evaluated against the Green Revolution to help comprehend how this correlation between the food crises is causation to surrounding environmental and societal factors. Waste Composting for Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture: Closing the Rural-urban Nutrient Cycle in Sub-Saharan Africa. By addressing the policy deficit on agriculture, this book examines the creation of relevant and coherent policy that shows some awareness of the challenges ahead if the importance of urban agriculture is not recognized. Cities Feeding People: An Examination of Urban Agriculture in East Africa. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre (Canada), 1994.

Apart from being an economic initiative, urban farming is considered a cultural practice for Ghanaians that predates colonialism. “Relating household characteristics to urban sheep keeping in West Africa.” Agricultural Systems 67, no.3 (2001): p. Sheep-keeping is a common practice within West Africa. The paper outlines the background of the projects, its implementation, agencies involved, results from urban agriculture, and an analysis of its effectiveness. “Land and Culture in Tropical Africa: Soils, Symbols and the Metaphysics of the Mundane,” Annual Review of Anthropology 23 (1994): p. Parker Shipton looks at African citizens’ relationship to land.

Analyzing climatic variations dating back 500 years, it seeks a “community ecology” approach, which aims to maximize sustainable carrying capacities and minimize the effects of drought and halt desertification to provide relevant evidence to support the progress of urban food production crisis management.

Perazzoli, Alberto, Alberto Perazzoli, Mariana Ponce, Alain Santandreu, and Raul Terrile.

“Egypt’s Food Security Teeters with Severe Shortage of Imported Wheat.” Firstpost. shortage-of- imported-wheat-949103The extent to which food security is impacted by the shortage of imported wheat in Egypt is explained in this article. The article looks at the root cause of the crisis and the aid that was provided by the international community to help ease the struggle. This article examines the positive impact of urban agriculture in developing countries.

It gives a general overview of the issues of nutrition faced by the population as a result of the wheat shortage. “Facing up to Africa’s food crisis.” Foreign Affairs. Furthermore, the article suggests that continued aid and imports would be inefficient and unable to meet Africa’s growing food production deficit. “Food production, urban areas and policy responses.” World Development (Elsevier). It specifically analyses the contribution to the welfare of the poor in developing countries; agreeing upon the advantages of urban agriculture and its potential to deal with food crises. “Urban Agriculture in Mwanza Tanzania.” Africa 71, no. The author evaluates food production and the raising of animals in urban and per-urban in Zimbabwe in comparison to agriculture in Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Ghana. The Significance of Urban Agriculture for the Advancement of Women in African Cities.” African Studies Review 36, no. Donald Freedom looks at how urban farming practices have impacted African women in providing not only a means for survival but also an opportunity expand their role in the business world. “Gardening on the Edge: The Social Conditions of Unsustainability on an African Urban Periphery.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 91, no. Susanne Friedberg takes on the food insecurity and unsustainability from a social and natural environmental perspective, leaving the political ecology perspective aside. This is a case study addressing major characteristics, problems and prospects of farming in a metropolitan area in Nigeria. The article discusses the social organization of Cairo, Egypt over the last 150 years in relation to urban planning objectives that will help to ensure Cairo’s food security.